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Variability of interrill erosion at low slopes

Armstrong, A. and Quinton, J. N. and Heng, B. C. P. and Chandler, J. H. (2011) Variability of interrill erosion at low slopes. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 36 (1). pp. 97-106. ISSN 0197-9337

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Abstract

Numerous models and risk assessments have been developed in order to estimate soil erosion from agricultural land, with some including estimates of nutrient and contaminant transfer. Many of these models have a slope term as a control over particle transfer, with increased transfer associated with increased slopes. This is based on data collected over a wide range of slopes and using relatively small soil flumes and physical principals, i.e. the role of gravity in splash transport and flow. This study uses laboratory rainfall simulation on a large soil flume to investigate interrill soil erosion of a silt loam under a rainfall intensity of 47 mm h(-1) on 3%, 6% and 9% slopes, which are representative of agricultural land in much of northwest Europe. The results show: (1) wide variation in runoff and sediment concentration data from replicate experiments, which indicates the complexities in interrill soil erosion processes; and (2) that at low slopes processes related to surface area connectivity, soil saturation, flow patterns and water depth may dominant over those related to gravity. Consequently, this questions the use of risk assessments and soil erosion models with a dominant slope term when assessing soil erosion from agricultural land at low slopes. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms
Uncontrolled Keywords: microtopography ; water depth ; surface connectivity ; rainfall simulation ; particle size
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: UNSPECIFIED
ID Code: 56206
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 26 Jul 2012 13:20
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2014 15:02
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/56206

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