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The role of working memory and attentional disengagement in Inhibitory control:effects of aging and Alzheimer's disease

Crawford, Trevor and Higham, Steve and Mayes, Jennifer and Dale, Mark and Shaunak, Sandip and Lekwuwa, Godwin (2013) The role of working memory and attentional disengagement in Inhibitory control:effects of aging and Alzheimer's disease. Age : Journal of the American Aging Association, 35 (5). pp. 1637-1650. ISSN 0161-9152

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Abstract

Background: Patients with Alzheimer's disease have an impairment of inhibitory control for reasons that are currently unclear. Using an eye-tracking task (the gap-overlap paradigm) we examined whether the uncorrected errors relate to the task of attentional disengagement in preparation for action. Alternatively the difficulty in correcting for errors may be caused by the working memory representation of the task. A major aim of this study was to distinguish between the effects of healthy aging and neurodegenerative disease on the voluntary control of saccadic eye movements. Methods: Using the antisaccade task (AST) and prosaccade task (PST) with the 'gap' and 'overlap' procedures we obtained detailed eye-tracking measures in patients with eighteen patients with probable Alzheimer's disease, twenty-five patients with Parkinson's disease and seventeen healthy young and eighteen old participants. Results: Uncorrected errors in the AST were selectively increased in Alzheimer's disease, but not in Parkinson's disease compared to the control groups. These uncorrected errors were strongly correlated with spatial working memory. There was an increase in the saccade reaction times to targets that were presented simultaneously with the fixation stimulus, compared to the removal of fixation. This 'gap' effect (i.e. overlap - gap) saccade reaction time was elevated in the older groups compared to young group, which yielded a strong effect of aging and no specific effect of neurodegenerative disease. Healthy aging, rather than neurodegenerative disease accounted for the increase in the saccade reaction times to the target that are presented simultaneously with a fixation stimulus. Conclusions: These results suggest that the impairment of inhibitory control in the AST may provide a convenient and putative mark of working memory dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Age : Journal of the American Aging Association
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alzheimer's disease ; Parkinson's disease ; Attention ; Antisaccade ; Working memory ; Eye tracking
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 55812
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 11 Jul 2012 10:59
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2014 15:22
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/55812

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