Lancaster EPrints

What makes an insight problem? The roles of heuristics, goal conception and solution recoding in knowledge-lean problems.

Chronicle, E. P. and MacGregor, J. N. and Ormerod, T. C. (2004) What makes an insight problem? The roles of heuristics, goal conception and solution recoding in knowledge-lean problems. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 30 (1). pp. 14-27. ISSN 0278-7393

[img]
Preview
PDF (Chronicle_et_alJEP_LM&C_03.pdf)
Download (282Kb) | Preview

    Abstract

    Four experiments investigated transformation problems with insight characteristics. In Experiment 1, performance on a version of the 6-coin problem that had a concrete and visualizable solution followed a hill-climbing heuristic. Experiment 2 demonstrated that the difficulty of a version of the problem that potentially required insight for solution stems from the same hill-climbing heuristic, which creates an implicit conceptual block. Experiment 3 confirmed that the difficulty of the potential insight solution is conceptual, not procedural. Experiment 4 demonstrated the same principles of move selection on the 6-coin problem and the 10-coin (triangle) problem. It is argued that hill-climbing heuristics provide a common framework for understanding transformation and insight problem solving. Post-solution recoding may account for part of the phenomenology of insight.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition
    Additional Information: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 30 (1), © 2004 American Psychological Association.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Problem solving ; insight
    Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
    ID Code: 558
    Deposited By: Prof Tom Ormerod
    Deposited On: 20 Jun 2007
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 17 Sep 2013 08:23
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/558

    Actions (login required)

    View Item