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Improving crop productivity and resource use efficiency to ensure food security and environmental quality in China

Fan, Mingsheng and Shen, Jianbo and Yuan, Lixing and Jiang, Rongfeng and Chen, Xinping and Davies, William J and Zhang, Fusuo (2012) Improving crop productivity and resource use efficiency to ensure food security and environmental quality in China. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63 (1). pp. 13-24. ISSN 1460-2431

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Abstract

In recent years, agricultural growth in China has accelerated remarkably, but most of this growth has been driven by increased yield per unit area rather than by expansion of the cultivated area. Looking towards 2030, to meet the demand for grain and to feed a growing population on the available arable land, it is suggested that annual crop production should be increased to around 580 Mt and that yield should increase by at least 2% annually. Crop production will become more difficult with climate change, resource scarcity (e.g. land, water, energy, and nutrients) and environmental degradation (e.g. declining soil quality, increased greenhouse gas emissions, and surface water eutrophication). To pursue the fastest and most practical route to improved yield, the near-term strategy is application and extension of existing agricultural technologies. This would lead to substantial improvement in crop and soil management practices, which are currently suboptimal. Two pivotal components are required if we are to follow new trajectories. First, the disciplines of soil management and agronomy need to be given increased emphasis in research and teaching, as part of a grand food security challenge. Second, continued genetic improvement in crop varieties will be vital. However, our view is that the biggest gains from improved technology will come most immediately from combinations of improved crops and improved agronomical practices. The objectives of this paper are to summarize the historical trend of crop production in China and to examine the main constraints to the further increase of crop productivity. The paper provides a perspective on the challenge faced by science and technology in agriculture which must be met both in terms of increased crop productivity but also in increased resource use efficiency and the protection of environmental quality.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Botany
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food security ; environmental quality ; genetic improvement ; integrated soil-crop systems management ; resource use efficiency
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments:
ID Code: 55716
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 12 Jul 2012 15:26
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2014 15:01
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/55716

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