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Terrestrial Ecosystem Responses to Species Gains and Losses

Wardle, David A. and Bardgett, Richard D. and Callaway, Ragan M. and Van der Putten, Wim H. (2011) Terrestrial Ecosystem Responses to Species Gains and Losses. Science, 332 (6035). pp. 1273-1277. ISSN 0036-8075

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Abstract

Ecosystems worldwide are losing some species and gaining others, resulting in an interchange of species that is having profound impacts on how these ecosystems function. However, research on the effects of species gains and losses has developed largely independently of one another. Recent conceptual advances regarding effects of species gain have arisen from studies that have unraveled the mechanistic basis of how invading species with novel traits alter biotic interactions and ecosystem processes. In contrast, studies on traits associated with species loss are fewer, and much remains unknown about how traits that predispose species to extinction affect ecological processes. Species gains and losses are both consequences and drivers of global change; thus, explicit integration of research on how both processes simultaneously affect ecosystem functioning is key to determining the response of the Earth system to current and future human activities.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Science
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 55687
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 12 Jul 2012 09:37
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:46
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/55687

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