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Microbial enhancement of crop resource use efficiency

Dodd, Ian C. and Manuel Ruiz-Lozano, Juan (2012) Microbial enhancement of crop resource use efficiency. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 23 (2). pp. 236-242. ISSN 0958-1669

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Abstract

Naturally occurring soil microbes may be used as inoculants to maintain crop yields despite decreased resource (water and nutrient) inputs. Plant symbiotic relationships with mycorrhizal fungi alter root aquaporin gene expression and greatly increase the surface area over which plant root systems take up water and nutrients. Soil bacteria on the root surface alter root phytohormone status thereby increasing growth, and can make nutrients more available to the plant. Combining different classes of soil organism within one inoculant can potentially take advantage of multiple plant growth-promoting mechanisms, but biological interactions between inoculant constituents and the plant are difficult to predict. Whether the yield benefits of such inocula allow modified nutrient and water management continues to challenge crop biotechnologists.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 55411
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 25 Jun 2012 14:23
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:41
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/55411

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