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When help becomes hindrance: Unexpected errors of omission and commission in eyewitness memory resulting from change temporal order at retrieval?

Dando, Coral and Ormerod, Thomas and Wilcock, Rachel and Milne, Rebecca (2011) When help becomes hindrance: Unexpected errors of omission and commission in eyewitness memory resulting from change temporal order at retrieval? Cognition, 121 (3). pp. 416-421. ISSN 0010-0277

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Abstract

An experimental mock eyewitness study is reported that compared Free and reverse order recall of an empirically informed scripted crime event. Proponents of reverse order recall suggest it facilitates recovery of script incidental information and increases the total amount of information recalled. However, compared with free recall it was found to impair overall retrieval performance, resulting in fewer script consistent events, reduced recall of correct information, increased confabulations, and lowered accuracy proportional to items retrieved. The disruptive effects of reverse order are interpreted as providing evidence for the role of temporal clustering in guiding retrieval. Impairment induced by reverse order continued to influence retrieval negatively even during a secondary free recall phase suggesting it encourages confabulations. The results indicate that the technique should be used with caution, and only when retrieval by free recall has been exhausted.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Cognition
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eyewitness memory ; Scripts ; Cognitive interview ; Temporal clustering
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 55405
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 25 Jun 2012 14:03
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2013 08:33
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/55405

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