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Employment, work hours and weight gain among middle-aged women.

Au, Nicole and Hauck, Katharina and Hollingsworth, Bruce (2013) Employment, work hours and weight gain among middle-aged women. International Journal of Obesity, 37 (5). pp. 718-724. ISSN 0307-0565

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate the influence of employment and work hours on weight gain and weight loss among middle-aged women. Design: Quantile regression techniques were used to estimate the influence of employment and hours worked on percentage weight change over 2 years across the entire distribution of weight change in a cohort of middle-aged women. A range of controls was included in the models to isolate the effect of work status. Subjects: A total of 9276 women aged 45–50 years at baseline who were present in both the 1996 and 1998 surveys of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women’s Health. The women were a representative sample of the Australian population. Results: Being out of the labour force or unemployed was associated with lower weight gain and higher weight loss than being employed. The association was stronger at low to moderate levels of weight gain. Among employed women, working regular (35–40), long (41–48) or very long (49+) hours was associated with increasingly higher levels of weight gain compared with working part-time hours. The association was stronger for women with greater weight gain overall. The association between unemployment and weight change became insignificant when health status was controlled for. Conclusions: Employment was associated with more weight gain and less weight loss. Among the employed, working longer hours was associated with more weight gain, especially at the higher levels of weight gain where the health consequences are more serious. These findings suggest that as women work longer hours they are more likely to make lifestyle choices that are associated with weight gain.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Obesity
Uncontrolled Keywords: weight gain ; women ; labour force participation ; employment ; work hours
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 55201
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 19 Jun 2012 15:10
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 30 May 2014 16:20
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/55201

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