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Influence of Missing Observations on Estimated Rates of Decline in Health Status

Gavriel, Sonia and Spencer, Sally and Jones, Paul W (2003) Influence of Missing Observations on Estimated Rates of Decline in Health Status. In: American Thoracic Society, 2003-05-162003-05-21.

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Hierarchical linear model (HLM) estimates of rates of change are used increasingly in COPD. We tested the effect of differential dropout between treatment arms on HLM and simple linear regression (REG) estimates of decline in health status measured using SGRQ data obtained from 149 patients 6-monthly for 3 years (7 observations/patient). 50% of patients were randomly allocated as 'dropouts', from whose data the last 1 or last 4 observations were removed to model different times in the 'study'. All data were retained in the remaining patients 'completers'. There were no differences in HLM or REG decline rates from complete data sets of the two groups (P>0.05). Mean decline rates are tabulated by group and number of missing observations (high score=faster decline). [Table] In 'dropouts' decline rates increased as missing data increased (i.e. period in "study" decreased), but the distribution of HLM decline rates (the SD) decreased while SD of REG estimates increased. In 'completers', the REG decline rates were stable, but the HLM decline rates increased as missing data increased in the 'dropouts'. These two methods of estimating decline rates respond differently to differential study dropout with important implications for longitudinal studies in COPD. This abstract is funded by: GlaxoSmithKline Sunday, May 18, 2003 8:15 AM

Item Type: Contribution to Conference (Poster)
Journal or Publication Title: American Thoracic Society
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine
ID Code: 55070
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 13 Jun 2012 15:52
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2018 00:06
Identification Number:

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