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Nse2, a component of the Smc5-6 complex, is a SUMO ligase required for the response to DNA damage.

Andrews, Emily and Palecek, Jan and Sergeant, John and Taylor, Elaine and Lehmann, Alan and Watts, Felicity (2005) Nse2, a component of the Smc5-6 complex, is a SUMO ligase required for the response to DNA damage. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 25 (1). pp. 185-196. ISSN 0270-7306

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Abstract

The Schizosaccharomyces pombe SMC proteins Rad18 (Smc6) and Spr18 (Smc5) exist in a high-Mr complex which also contains the non-SMC proteins Nse1, Nse2, Nse3, and Rad62. The Smc5-6 complex, which is essential for viability, is required for several aspects of DNA metabolism, including recombinational repair and maintenance of the DNA damage checkpoint. We have characterized Nse2 and show here that it is a SUMO ligase. Smc6 (Rad18) and Nse3, but not Smc5 (Spr18) or Nse1, are sumoylated in vitro in an Nse2-dependent manner, and Nse2 is itself autosumoylated, predominantly on the C-terminal part of the protein. Mutations of C195 and H197 in the Nse2 RING-finger-like motif abolish Nse2-dependent sumoylation. nse2.SA mutant cells, in which nse2.C195S-H197A is integrated as the sole copy of nse2, are viable, whereas the deletion of nse2 is lethal. Smc6 (Rad18) is sumoylated in vivo: the sumoylation level is increased upon exposure to DNA damage and is drastically reduced in the nse2.SA strain. Since nse2.SA cells are sensitive to DNA-damaging agents and to exposure to hydroxyurea, this implicates the Nse2-dependent sumoylation activity in DNA damage responses but not in the essential function of the Smc5-6 complex.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
ID Code: 54194
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 18 May 2012 13:55
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:26
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/54194

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