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Object naming induces reliance on orientation-independent representations during longer-term, but not short-term, visual remembering.

Walker, Peter and Kennedy, Helen and Berridge, Damon (2011) Object naming induces reliance on orientation-independent representations during longer-term, but not short-term, visual remembering. Memory, 19 (8). pp. 809-824. ISSN 0965-8211

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Abstract

Naming novel objects with novel count nouns changes how the objects are drawn from memory, revealing that object categorisation induces reliance on orientation-independent visual representations during longer-term remembering, but not during short-term remembering. Serial position effects integrate this finding with a more established conceptualisation of short-term and longer-term visual remembering in which the former is identified as keeping an item in mind. Adults were shown a series of four novel objects in orientations in which they would not normally be drawn from memory. When not named (“Look at this object”), the objects were drawn in the orientations in which they had been seen. When named with a novel count noun (e.g., “Look at this dax”), the final object continued to be depicted in the orientation in which it had been seen, but all other objects were depicted in an unseen but preferred (canonical) orientation, even though participants could still remember the orientations in which they had been seen. Although orientation-dependent exemplar representations appear to be more accessible than orientation-independent generic representations during short-term remembering, the reverse is the case during longer-term remembering. How the theoretical framework emerging from these observations accommodates a broader body of evidence is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Memory
Uncontrolled Keywords: Exemplar visual representations ; Generic visual representations ; Object naming ; Short-term remembering ; Longer-term visual remembering ; Object drawing
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
Faculty of Science and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics
ID Code: 54130
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 14 May 2012 15:09
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2013 14:17
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/54130

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