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High percentage inorganic arsenic content of mining impacted and nonimpacted Chinese rice

Zhu, Y.G. and Sun, G. X. and Lei, M. and Teng, M. and Liu, Y. X. and Chen, N. C. and Wang, L. H. and Carey, A. M. and Deacon, C. and Raab, A. and Meharg, A. A. and Williams, Paul (2008) High percentage inorganic arsenic content of mining impacted and nonimpacted Chinese rice. Environmental Science and Technology, 42 (13). pp. 5008-5013. ISSN 0013-936X

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Abstract

Two approaches were undertaken to characterize the arsenic (As) content of Chinese rice. First, a national market basket survey (n = 240) was conducted in provincial capitals, sourcing grain from China's premier rice production areas. Second, to reflect rural diets, paddy rice (n = 195) directly from farmers fields were collected from three regions in Hunan, a key rice producing province located in southern China. Two of the sites were within mining and smeltery districts, and the third was devoid of large-scale metal processing industries. Arsenic levels were determined in all the samples while a subset (n = 33) were characterized for As species, using a new simple and rapid extraction method suitable for use with Hamilton PRP-X100 anion exchange columns and HPLC-ICP-MS. The vast majority (85%) of the market rice grains possessed total As levels < 150 ng g(-1). The rice collected from mine-impacted regions, however, were found to be highly enriched in As, reaching concentrations of up to 624 ng g(-1). Inorganic As (As(i)) was the predominant species detected in all of the speciated grain, with As(i) levels in some samples exceeding 300 ng g(-1). The As(i) concentration in polished and unpolished Chinese rice was successfully predicted from total As levels. The mean baseline concentrations for As(i) in Chinese market rice based on this survey were estimated to be 96 ng g(-1) while levels in mine-impacted areas were higher with ca. 50% of the rice in one region predicted to fail the national standard.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science and Technology
Additional Information: corresponding author
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 53844
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 27 Apr 2012 14:27
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:23
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/53844

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