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Arsenic Sequestration in Iron Plaque, Its Accumulation and Speciation in Mature Rice Plants (Oryza Sativa L.)

Liu, W.J. and Zhu, Y.G. and Hu, Y. and Williams, Paul and Gault, A.G. and Meharg, A. A. and Charnock, J. M. and Smith, F.A. (2006) Arsenic Sequestration in Iron Plaque, Its Accumulation and Speciation in Mature Rice Plants (Oryza Sativa L.). Environmental Science and Technology, 40 (15). p. 40. ISSN 0013-936X

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A compartmented soil-glass bead culture system was used to investigate characteristics of iron plaque and arsenic accumulation and speciation in mature rice plants with different capacities of forming iron plaque on their roots. X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectra and extended X-ray absorption fine structure were utilized to identify the mineralogical characteristics of iron plaque and arsenic sequestration in plaque on the rice roots. Iron plaque was dominated by (oxyhydr)oxides, which were composed of ferrihydrite (81−100%), with a minor amount of goethite (19%) fitted in one of the samples. Sequential extraction and XANES data showed that arsenic in iron plaque was sequestered mainly with amorphous and crystalline iron (oxyhydr)oxides, and that arsenate was the predominant species. There was significant variation in iron plaque formation between genotypes, and the distribution of arsenic in different components of mature rice plants followed the following order: iron plaque > root > straw > husk > grain for all genotypes. Arsenic accumulation in grain differed significantly among genotypes. Inorganic arsenic and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) were the main arsenic species in rice grain for six genotypes, and there were large genotypic differences in levels of DMA and inorganic arsenic in grain.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science and Technology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 53836
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 27 Apr 2012 11:36
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2018 00:27
Identification Number:

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