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The contribution of visual and vestibular information to spatial orientation by 6- to 14-month-old infants and adults

Bremner, J. Gavin and Hatton, Frances and Foster, Kirsty A. and Mason, Ursula (2011) The contribution of visual and vestibular information to spatial orientation by 6- to 14-month-old infants and adults. Developmental Science, 14 (5). pp. 1033-1045. ISSN 1363-755X

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    Abstract

    Although there is much research on infants' ability to orient in space, little is known regarding the information they use to do so. This research uses a rotating room to evaluate the relative contribution of visual and vestibular information to location of a target following bodily rotation. Adults responded precisely on the basis of visual flow information. Seven-month-olds responded mostly on the basis of visual flow, whereas 9-month-olds responded mostly on the basis of vestibular information, and 12-month-olds responded mostly on the basis of visual information. Unlike adults, infants of all ages showed partial influence by both modalities. Additionally, 7-month-olds were capable of using vestibular information when there was no visual information for movement or stability, and 9-month-olds still relied on vestibular information when visual information was enhanced. These results are discussed in the context of neuroscientific evidence regarding visual-vestibular interaction, and in relation to possible changes in reliance on visual and vestibular information following acquisition of locomotion.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Developmental Science
    Additional Information: The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
    Uncontrolled Keywords: POSITION CONSTANCY ; CUE INTEGRATION ; YOUNG INFANTS ; SELF-MOTION ; PERCEPTION ; LOCOMOTION ; LANDMARK ; LOCALIZATION ; NAVIGATION ; BEHAVIOR
    Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
    Departments:
    ID Code: 53811
    Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
    Deposited On: 01 May 2012 14:58
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 23 Jul 2014 14:59
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/53811

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