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Interventions provided by parents for children with intellectual disabilities in low and middle income countries

Einfeld, Stewart L. and Stancliffe, Roger J. and Gray, Kylie and Sofronoff, Kate and Rice, Lauren and Emerson, Eric (2012) Interventions provided by parents for children with intellectual disabilities in low and middle income countries. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 25 (2). pp. 135-142. ISSN 1360-2322

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Abstract

Background In low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries, there is a lack of well-trained therapists to provide specialist interventions for children with intellectual disabilities and their families. We sought to identify strategies deliverable by families or non-specialist workers. Materials and Methods After searches of appropriate scientific databases, we applied GRADE methodology to rate the quality of evidence for these interventions. Results We identified small-scale interventions trialled in LAMI countries with limited evidence of effectiveness in supporting development, adaptive behaviour and/or community participation. In high-income countries, the Stepping Stones Triple P program for adaptive behaviour and the Portage program for child development have the most extensive evidence base and may be applicable in LAMI countries. Conclusions There is reason to hope that, when combined with community development strategies, the welfare of children with intellectual disabilities in LAMI countries can be advanced within those countries’ economic means.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Uncontrolled Keywords: intellectual disability ; low- and middle-income countries ; parent interventions
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 53694
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 24 Apr 2012 11:07
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:21
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/53694

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