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Why come into work ill?:individual and organizational factors underlying presenteeism

Collins, Alison and Cartwright, Susan (2012) Why come into work ill?:individual and organizational factors underlying presenteeism. Employee Relations, 34 (4). pp. 429-442. ISSN 0142-5455

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    Abstract

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the perceptions of managers and employees, in one private and one public sector organization, towards an individual's decision to go to work, despite being unwell, a phenomenon known as presenteeism in the literature. Design/methodology/approach – Qualitative interviews (n=33) were used to investigate the personal beliefs and attitudes of managers and employees towards presenteeism in an attempt to understand why individuals come into work, despite being unwell, rather than taking time off work. Findings – This paper explores the factors that influence an individual's decision to come into work despite being ill. Employees who are unwell are likely to take into consideration a combination of factors before deciding whether to come into work or take sick leave. The study's findings highlight the importance of both the work environment and an individual's personal motivation, including their work ethic, on presenteeism, providing further evidence that context is important. Originality/value – The study's findings support previous research that attendance management mechanisms implemented by the organization can lead to absenteeism. However, well-designed and managed return to work policies can be of reciprocal benefit to both the organization and the employee.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Employee Relations
    Additional Information: This article is (c) Emerald Group Publishing and permission has been granted for this version to appear here http://www.research.lancs.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/why-come-into-work-ill(1c013353-dfaa-4c8a-bea0-49016f6befd5).html Emerald does not grant permission for this article to be further copied/distributed or hosted elsewhere without the express permission from Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Attendance ; Employee behaviour ; Presenteeism ; Private sector ; Private sector organizations ; Public sector ; Public sector organizations
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
    Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
    ID Code: 53427
    Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
    Deposited On: 11 Apr 2012 16:16
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 21 Jun 2016 01:14
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/53427

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