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The identification of children with, or at significant risk of, intellectual disabilities in low-and middle-income countries:a review

Robertson, Janet and Hatton, Chris and Emerson, Eric and Yasamy, M (2012) The identification of children with, or at significant risk of, intellectual disabilities in low-and middle-income countries:a review. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 25 (2). pp. 99-118. ISSN 1360-2322

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Abstract

Background Developmental monitoring of children is an important strategy for the early detection and management of intellectual disabilities (ID) in high-income countries. This review summarizes the literature on identifying children with ID in low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries. Materials and methods Electronic literature database searches were conducted to identify articles in the English language published since 1990 relating to the identification of children with, or at risk of, ID in LAMI countries. Requests for information were also sent to the membership of International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities and relevant organizations in selected LAMI countries. Results A total of 37 articles were identified for inclusion in the review, the majority of which concerned validation of specific screening tools. Information is presented on sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and reliability of identified screening tools. Conclusion Studies were mainly concerned with identifying child disability. Research and development should develop specific approaches to identifying ID among children in LAMI countries.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Uncontrolled Keywords: children ; identification ; intellectual disabilities ; low- and middle-income countries ; screening ; VALIDATION ; 10 QUESTIONS SCREEN ; CHILDHOOD DISABILITY ; RELIABILITY ; VALIDITY ; PREVALENCE ; MENTAL-RETARDATION ; RURAL-COMMUNITY ; BANGLADESH ; PAKISTAN
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 53360
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 27 Mar 2012 10:58
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:16
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/53360

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