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The influence of connectives on young readers' processing and comprehension of text.

Cain, Kate and Nash, Hannah M. (2011) The influence of connectives on young readers' processing and comprehension of text. Journal of Educational Psychology, 103 (2). pp. 429-441. ISSN 0022-0663

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Abstract

Connectives are cohesive devices that signal the relations between clauses and are critical to the construction of a coherent representation of a text's meaning. The authors investigated young readers' knowledge, processing, and comprehension of temporal, causal, and adversative connectives using offline and online tasks. In a doze task, 10-year-olds were more accurate than 8-year-olds on temporal and adversative connectives, but both age groups differed from adult levels of performance (Experiment 1). When required to rate the "sense" of 2-clause sentences linked by connectives, 10-year-olds and adults were better at discriminating between clauses linked by appropriate and inappropriate connectives than were 8-year-olds. The 10-year-olds differed from adults only on the temporal connectives (Experiment 2). In contrast, online reading time measures indicated that 8-year-olds' processing of text is influenced by connectives as they read, in much the same way as 10-year-olds'. Both age groups read text more quickly when target 2-clause sentences were linked by an appropriate connective compared with texts in which a connective was neutral (and), inappropriate to the meaning conveyed by the 2 clauses, or not present (Experiments 3 and 4). These findings indicate that although knowledge and comprehension of connectives is still developing in young readers, connectives aid text processing in typically developing readers.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Educational Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: children ; connectives ; reading comprehension ; text processing ; COHERENCE RELATIONS ; COGNITIVE-COMPLEXITY ; LINGUISTIC MARKERS ; PRIOR KNOWLEDGE ; CONJUNCTIONS ; ACQUISITION ; CHILDREN ; LANGUAGE ; ORDER ; DISCOURSE
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 53220
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 19 Mar 2012 13:27
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:14
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/53220

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