Lancaster EPrints

The role of associative strength in children's false memory illusions

Howe, Mark L. and Wimmer, Marina C. and Blease, Katrina (2009) The role of associative strength in children's false memory illusions. Memory, 17 (1). pp. 8-16. ISSN 0965-8211

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Abstract

The effects of associative strength on rates of 7- and 11-year-old children's true and false memories were examined when category and Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) lists were used to cue the same critical lure. Backward associative strength (BAS) was varied such that the category and DRM lists had the same strength (DRM=category), DRM lists had more BAS (DRMcategory), or category lists had more BAS (DRMcategory). If BAS drives children's false memories then BAS, not the type of relation across items in a list, should determine false memory production. The results confirmed this prediction using both recall and recognition measures: (1) both true and false memories increased with age, (2) true memory was better for category than DRM lists but there were no differences for false memory, and (3) at all ages, false memories varied predictably with changes in BAS but were unaffected by list-type manipulations. These findings are discussed in the context of models of false memory development.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Memory
Uncontrolled Keywords: DRM paradigm ; False memories ; Associative-activation theory ; Memory development ; Children's false memory ; SPREADING ACTIVATION THEORY ; REMEMBERING WORDS ; ADULTS ; RECOGNITION ; RECALL ; LISTS ; TRUE
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 52774
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 22 Feb 2012 16:32
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 20:09
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/52774

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