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Can Maltreated Children Inhibit True and False Memories for Emotional Information?

Howe, Mark L. and Toth, Sheree L. and Cicchetti, Dante (2011) Can Maltreated Children Inhibit True and False Memories for Emotional Information? Child Development, 82 (3). pp. 967-981. ISSN 0009-3920

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Abstract

The authors examined 284 maltreated and nonmaltreated children's (6- to 12-year-olds) ability to inhibit true and false memories for neutral and emotional information using the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. Children studied either emotional or neutral DRM lists in a control condition or were given directed-remembering or directed-forgetting instructions. The findings indicated that children, regardless of age and maltreatment status, could inhibit the output of true and false emotional information, although they did so less effectively than when they were inhibiting the output of neutral material. Verbal IQ was related to memory, but dissociative symptoms were not related to children's recollective ability. These findings add to the growing literature that shows more similarities among, than differences between, maltreated and nonmaltreated children's basic memory processes.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Child Development
Uncontrolled Keywords: POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER ; DEVELOPMENTAL TRAUMATOLOGY ; HIPPOCAMPAL VOLUME ; SEXUAL-ABUSE ; ADULTS ; LISTS ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY ; DISSOCIATION ; AGE ; REPRESENTATIONS
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 52759
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 23 Feb 2012 09:43
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:08
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/52759

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