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What Factors Underlie Associative and Categorical Memory Illusions? The Roles of Backward Associative Strength and Interitem Connectivity

Knott, Lauren M. and Dewhurst, Stephen A. and Howe, Mark L. (2012) What Factors Underlie Associative and Categorical Memory Illusions? The Roles of Backward Associative Strength and Interitem Connectivity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 38 (1). pp. 229-239. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

Factors that affect categorical and associative false memory illusions were investigated in 2 experiments. In Experiment 1, backward associative strength (BAS) from the list word to the critical lure and interitem connectivity were manipulated in Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) and category list types. For both recall and recognition tasks, the likelihood of producing DRM and category false memories was greater for lists with high BAS and low interitem connectivity. In Experiment 2, DRM and category lists with high BAS showed similar indirect priming effects in a word stem completion task. With low BAS, category lists, unlike DRM lists, showed no priming effect. We discuss the role of BAS, interitem connectivity, and associate-level differences in implicit and explicit measures of false memory production.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition
Uncontrolled Keywords: DRM paradigm ; false memories ; backward associative strength ; indirect priming ; category lists ; FALSE MEMORIES ; RECALL ; RECOGNITION ; TRUE
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 52757
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 23 Feb 2012 09:51
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:08
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/52757

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