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Dividing Attention Lowers Children's but Increases Adults' False Memories

Otgaar, Henry and Peters, Maarten and Howe, Mark L. (2012) Dividing Attention Lowers Children's but Increases Adults' False Memories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 38 (1). pp. 204-210. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

The present study examined the impact of divided attention on children's and adults' neutral and negative true and false memories in a standard Deese/Roediger-McDermott paradigm. Children (7- and 11-year-olds; n = 126) and adults (n = 52) received 5 neutral and 5 negative Deese/Roediger-McDermott word lists; half of each group also received a divided attention task. The results showed that divided attention affected children's and adults' false memory levels differently but did not alter true memory differently. Our results revealed a developmental shift in that divided attention lowered children's false memory rates but increased adults' false memory rates, regardless of the nature of the material (i.e., neutral or negative). Our study indicates that manipulations that target conscious processing (e.g., divided attention) result in marked qualitative and quantitative differences between children's and adults' false memories but not true memories.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition
Uncontrolled Keywords: false memories ; development ; divided attention ; memory ; RECALL ; RECOGNITION ; WORDS ; TRUE ; CONCRETENESS ; IMMEDIATE ; ILLUSIONS
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 52755
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 23 Feb 2012 09:56
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:08
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/52755

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