Otgaar, Henry and Peters, Maarten and Howe, Mark L. (2012) Dividing Attention Lowers Children's but Increases Adults' False Memories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 38 (1). pp. 204-210. ISSN 0278-7393Full text not available from this repository.
The present study examined the impact of divided attention on children's and adults' neutral and negative true and false memories in a standard Deese/Roediger-McDermott paradigm. Children (7- and 11-year-olds; n = 126) and adults (n = 52) received 5 neutral and 5 negative Deese/Roediger-McDermott word lists; half of each group also received a divided attention task. The results showed that divided attention affected children's and adults' false memory levels differently but did not alter true memory differently. Our results revealed a developmental shift in that divided attention lowered children's false memory rates but increased adults' false memory rates, regardless of the nature of the material (i.e., neutral or negative). Our study indicates that manipulations that target conscious processing (e.g., divided attention) result in marked qualitative and quantitative differences between children's and adults' false memories but not true memories.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||false memories ; development ; divided attention ; memory ; RECALL ; RECOGNITION ; WORDS ; TRUE ; CONCRETENESS ; IMMEDIATE ; ILLUSIONS|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology|
|Deposited On:||23 Feb 2012 09:56|
|Last Modified:||07 Jan 2015 17:14|
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