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Photoelectrophoresis of colloidal iron oxides 1. Hematite (α-Fe2O3)

ZHANG, Z and BOXALL, C and KELSALL, G H (1993) Photoelectrophoresis of colloidal iron oxides 1. Hematite (α-Fe2O3). Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 73. pp. 145-163. ISSN 0927-7757

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Abstract

Aqueous dispersions of colloidal hematite were prepared by aqueous precipitation and characterised using X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Their surface chemistry was studied using (photo-)electrophoresis, in which electrophoretic mobilities were determined by laser Doppler electrophoresis, in the absence and presence of irradiation of photons from a xenon lamp and monochromator. Absorption of ultra-band-gap energy photons in Fe2O3 results in the generation of electron (e-)-hole (h+) pairs, which may then recombine, with the generation of heat/radiation, or react with lattice sites, solvent or solution species. Changing the pH of alpha-Fe2O3 particle preparation from 2 to 1.4 was found to alter the resultant surface from one comprising mostly alpha-Fe2O3, alpha-FeOOH and gamma-FeOOH with an isoelectric point (i.e.p.) of 7.4, to one whose behaviour was dominated by the presence of delta-FeOOH with an i.e.p. of 1.5. The alpha-Fe2O3 particles whose surfaces are found to be mostly ''Fe(OH)3''/Fe2O3.nH2O in character exhibit a continuum of i.e.p.s due to the non-crystalline nature of that phase. Large changes in the electrophoretic mobility of colloidal alpha-Fe2O3 at a pH of less than about 7-8 were observed upon irradiation with photons with ultra-band-gap energies, indicative of the formation of net surface positive charge, due to the hole-driven photo-oxidation of surface >Fe-OH sites to form (>Fe-OH)+ sites. Photogenerated conduction band electrons were removed from the particles via either the reductive dissolution of the alpha-Fe2O3 surface or, possibly, the formation of hydrogen from the reduction of H+ ions. The photoelectrophoretic mobility-illumination wavelength spectrum of colloidal alpha-Fe2O3 exhibits two distinct mobility change onsets, one at 2.2 eV and the other at 3 eV, reflecting the presence of an ''upper'' and ''lower'' valence band on hematite. The oxidation of surface >Fe-OH groups responsible for the change in net surface positive charge is found to proceed ten times more slowly than the corresponding reaction on colloidal TiO2.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Uncontrolled Keywords: COLLOIDAL SEMICONDUCTORS ; HEMATITE ; IRON OXIDES AND OXYHYDROXIDES ; PHOTOELECTROPHORESIS ; SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION ; PHOTOCATALYTIC OXIDATION ; TRANSIENT EXPERIMENTS ; PASSIVE FILM ; WATER-VAPOR ; PARTICLES ; SEMICONDUCTORS ; ADSORPTION ; POWDERS ; REFLECTANCE ; BEHAVIOR
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Engineering
ID Code: 52707
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 05 Mar 2012 11:46
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:07
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/52707

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