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The micro-optical ring electrode. 3: Transient photocurrent studies of photophysical-electrochemical and photophysical-chemical-electrochemical systems

Andrieux, Fabrice P. L. and Boxall, Colin and O'Hare, Danny (2006) The micro-optical ring electrode. 3: Transient photocurrent studies of photophysical-electrochemical and photophysical-chemical-electrochemical systems. Journal of physical chemistry b, 110 (32). pp. 16148-16156. ISSN 1520-6106

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Abstract

The micro-optical ring electrode (MORE) is a photoelectrochemical device based on a ring microelectrode that uses the insulating material interior to the ring electrode as a light guide. In this paper, we describe the preparation and characterization of very thin ring MOREs with (ring inner radius)/(ring outer radius) > 0.99. Theoretically, we derive asymptotic analytical expressions for the time dependence of the diffusion-limited transient light-on photocurrent generated by two general types of photoelectrochemical systems: (a) the PE (photophysical-electrochemical) system, wherein the photoexcited species itself is directly detected on the ring; (b)the PCE(photophysical-chemical-electrochemical) system, wherein the photoexcited species undergoes a homogeneous electron transfer reaction prior to electrochemical detection. Experimentally, we establish that it is possible to use such MOREs to study the wavelength dependence of photocurrents derived from photoelectrochemically active systems, such as the Ru(bipy)(3)(2+)/Fe3+ PCE system, demonstrating the potential utility of the MORE as a selective electroanalytical probe. We also use our expressions for the time dependence of photocurrents at the MORE to derive values for the photoelectrochemical kinetic parameters of this system, including the rate coefficient for the back reaction of photogenerated Ru(bipy)(3)(3+) (0.115 s(-1)) and the quantum efficiency for the primary redox products, Ru( bipy)(3)(3+) and Fe2+, escaping cage recombination, phi(CE) = 0.099.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of physical chemistry b
Uncontrolled Keywords: SOLAR-ENERGY CONVERSION ; RUTHENIUM(II) ; TRANSPORT ; CELLS ; MICROELECTRODES ; LUMINESCENCE ; VOLTAMMETRY ; COMPLEXES ; BEHAVIOR ; CHELATE
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Engineering
ID Code: 52701
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 05 Mar 2012 11:01
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:07
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/52701

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