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What is genetic information, and why is it significant? : a contextual, contrastive, approach.

Manson, Neil C. (2006) What is genetic information, and why is it significant? : a contextual, contrastive, approach. Journal of Applied Philosophy, 23 (1). pp. 1-16.

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Abstract

Is genetic information of special ethical significance? Does it require special regulation? There is considerable contemporary debate about this question (the genetic exceptionalism debate). Genetic information is an ambiguous term and, as an aid to avoiding conflation in the genetic exceptionalism debate, a detailed account is given of just how and why genetic information is ambiguous. Whilst ambiguity is a ubiquitous problem of communication, it is suggested that genetic information is ambiguous in a particular way, one that gives rise to the problem of significance creep (i.e., where claims about the significance of certain kinds of genetic information in one context influence our thinking about the significance of other kinds of genetic information in other contexts). A contextual and contrastive methodology is proposed: evaluating the significance of genetic information requires us to be sensitive to the polysemy of genetic information across contexts and then examine the contrast in significance (if any) of genetic, as opposed to nongenetic, information within contexts. This, in turn, suggests that a proper solution to the regulatory question requires us to pay more attention to how and why information, and its acquisition, possession and use, come to be of ethical significance.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Philosophy
Uncontrolled Keywords: genetic information ; genetic exceptionalism ; genethics
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Politics & International Relations (Merged into PPR 2010-08-01)
ID Code: 527
Deposited By: Dr Neil C Manson
Deposited On: 01 Jun 2007
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:12
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/527

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