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Temporal and spatial expression of mRNAs encoding pathogenesis-related proteins during ethylene-promoted leaflet abscission in Sambucus nigra

Coupe, Simon A. and Taylor, Jane E and Roberts, Jeremy A (1997) Temporal and spatial expression of mRNAs encoding pathogenesis-related proteins during ethylene-promoted leaflet abscission in Sambucus nigra. Plant, Cell and Environment, 20 (12). pp. 1517-1524. ISSN 0140-7791

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Abstract

Differential screening of a cDNA library generated from RNA extracted from ethylene-treated leaflet abscission zones of Sambucus nigra resulted in the isolation of 20 abscission-related clones. These clones could be grouped into seven families. Sequencing of members of these families revealed that the majority encoded pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins, and these could be identified by sequence homology as a polyphenol oxidase (PPO), a PR-1 type protein, a Chial type chitinase, a PR-4 type protein similar to the potato win peptides, a PR-6 type proteinase inhibitor, a Chia4 type chitinase and a metallothionein-like protein (Coupe, Taylor & Roberts 1995, Planta 197, 442–447). Northern analysis revealed that these mRNAs were not expressed in freshly excised material but accumulated primarily in the abscission zone tissue after 18 h of exposure to ethylene at a time when abscission of the leaflet explants had reached 70%. Expression of the PPO and the Chia4-type chitinase was ethylene-dependent while that of the PR-4 type was up-regulated in the abscission zone tissue in the absence of the gas. The characterization of these mRNAs and their encoded proteins is presented and their possible roles during abscission are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Plant, Cell and Environment
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sambucus nigra ; abscission ; ethylene ; gene expression ; pathogenesis-related proteins ; wounding
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 52485
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 07 Feb 2012 16:32
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 00:23
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/52485

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