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Morphological awareness:a key to understanding poor reading comprehension in English.

Tong, Xiuli and Deacon, S. Helene and Kirby, John R. and Cain, Kate and Parrila, Rauno (2011) Morphological awareness:a key to understanding poor reading comprehension in English. Journal of Educational Psychology, 103 (3). pp. 523-534. ISSN 0022-0663

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Abstract

This longitudinal study examined the performance of poor comprehenders on several reading-related abilities in the late elementary school years. We identified 3 groups of readers in Grade 5 who were matched on word reading accuracy and speed, nonverbal cognitive ability, and age: unexpected poor comprehenders, expected average comprehenders, and unexpected good comprehenders. We compared these groups in Grade 5 and, retrospectively, in Grade 3. The 3 groups performed similarly on phonological awareness, naming speed, and orthographic processing tasks but differed in morphological awareness, even when vocabulary was controlled statistically. Unexpected poor comprehenders performed more poorly than expected average comprehenders in morphological derivation at Grade 5 but not in Grade 3; in contrast, expected average comprehenders performed more poorly than unexpected good comprehenders at Grade 3, but these groups did not differ in Grade 5. Our findings suggest that poor morphological awareness contributes to reading comprehension difficulties and that children with different reading comprehension profiles may learn morphology at different rates.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Educational Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: unexpected poor comprehenders ; morphological awareness ; derivational morphology ; inflectional morphology ; reading comprehension ; DERIVATIONAL MORPHOLOGY ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT ; WORD MEANINGS ; SIMPLE VIEW ; CHILDREN ; SKILLS ; DIFFICULTIES ; ABILITY ; MEMORY
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 52221
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 04 Jan 2012 09:12
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 22:59
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/52221

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