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Using another's gaze as an explicit aid to insight problem solving

Litchfield, Damien and Ball, Linden J. (2011) Using another's gaze as an explicit aid to insight problem solving. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64 (4). pp. 649-656. ISSN 1747-0218

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Abstract

Research has shown that implicitly guiding attention via visual cues or unrelated tasks can increase the likelihood of solving insight problems. We examined whether following another person making specific skin-crossing saccades could induce similar attentional shifts and increase solution rates for Duncker's ((1945)) radiation problem. We presented 150 participants with one of three 30-s eye movement patterns from another problem solver: (a) focusing solely on the central tumour; (b) naturally making skin-crossing saccades between the outside area and the tumour from multiple angles; or (c) making deliberate skin-crossing saccades between the outside area and the tumour from multiple angles. Following another person making skin-crossing saccades increased the likelihood of solving the radiation problem. Our results demonstrate that another person's eye movements can promote attentional shifts that trigger insight problem solving.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Insight ; Problem solving ; Gaze following ; Embodied cognition ; Attentional guidance ; EYE-MOVEMENTS ; SHARED GAZE ; ATTENTION ; COGNITION ; PERFORMANCE ; THOUGHT ; SEARCH
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 52059
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 16 Dec 2011 12:26
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 22:58
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/52059

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