Litchfield, Damien and Ball, Linden J. and Donovan, Tim and Manning, David J. and Crawford, Trevor (2010) Viewing another person's eye movements improves identification of pulmonary nodules in chest x-ray inspection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 16 (3). pp. 251-262. ISSN 1076-898XFull text not available from this repository.
Double reading of chest x-rays is often used to ensure that fewer abnormalities are missed, but very little is known about how the search behavior of others affects observer performance. A series of experiments investigated whether radiographers benefit from knowing where another person looked for pulmonary nodules, and whether the expertise of the model providing the search behavior was a contributing factor. Experiment 1 compared the diagnostic performance of novice and experienced radiographers examining chest x-rays and found that both groups performed better when shown the search behavior of either a novice radiographer or an expert radiologist. Experiment 2 established that benefits in performance only arose when the eye movements shown were related to the search for nodules; however, only the novices' diagnostic performance consistently improved when shown the expert's search behavior. Experiment 3 reexamined the contribution of task, image, and the expertise of the model underlying this benefit. Consistent with Experiment 1. novice radiographers were better at identifying nodules when shown either a naive's search behavior or an expert radiologist's search behavior, but they demonstrated no improvement when shown a naive model not searching for nodules. Our results suggest that although the benefits of this form of attentional guidance may be short-lived, novices can scaffold their decisions based on the search behavior of others.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||radiology ; decision making ; eye movement behavior ; gaze following ; expertise ; PERCEIVED GAZE DIRECTION ; EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION ; DECISION-MAKING ; VISUAL-SEARCH ; PERFORMANCE ; PERCEPTION ; ATTENTION ; INFORMATION ; EXPERTISE ; ADVICE|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology|
Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
|Deposited On:||16 Dec 2011 10:11|
|Last Modified:||07 Jan 2015 17:08|
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