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Residential provision for people with intellectual disabilities in England, Wales and Scotland

Emerson, E and Hatton, C (1998) Residential provision for people with intellectual disabilities in England, Wales and Scotland. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 11 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1360-2322

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Abstract

The nature and extent of residential provision for people with intellectual disabilities in 1991 in England, Scotland and Wales is described. In summary, the data from the OPCS Census suggest that: (1) there existed substantial regional and national variation in the extent of residential provision for people with intellectual disabilities in England, Scotland and Wales; (2) overall, the level of provision was significantly lower than Department of Health targets for 1991 of 1.55 places per 1000 of the adult population; (3) the majority of people with intellectual disabilities were living in relatively large-scale congregate care settings; (4) the majority of residents were younger and middle-aged adults, although a significant minority were either late adolescents or very elderly; (5) young black men were significantly more likely to be placed in residential provision than their peers from other ethnic groups; (6) young Asian men, young Chinese/Other men and young Asian women were significantly less likely to be placed in residential provision than their peers from other ethnic groups; (7) rates of employment and marriage among residents were markedly lower than for the general population. The results are discussed in relation to national policy aims and existing and future demand for residential provision.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Uncontrolled Keywords: MENTAL-RETARDATION ; PREVALENCE
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 51785
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 05 Dec 2011 09:53
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 22:55
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/51785

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