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Effect size estimates:current use, calculations, and interpretation

Fritz, Catherine and Morris, Peter and Richler, Jennifer (2012) Effect size estimates:current use, calculations, and interpretation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141 (1). pp. 2-18. ISSN 0096-3445

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Abstract

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2001, American Psychological Association, 2010) calls for the reporting of effect sizes and their confidence intervals. Estimates of effect size are useful for determining the practical or theoretical importance of an effect, the relative contributions of factors, and the power of an analysis. We surveyed articles published in 2009 and 2010 in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, noting the statistical analyses reported and the associated reporting of effect size estimates. Effect sizes were reported for fewer than half of the analyses; no article reported a confidence interval for an effect size. The most often reported analysis was analysis of variance, and almost half of these reports were not accompanied by effect sizes. Partial η2 was the most commonly reported effect size estimate for analysis of variance. For t tests, 2/3 of the articles did not report an associated effect size estimate; Cohen's d was the most often reported. We provide a straightforward guide to understanding, selecting, calculating, and interpreting effect sizes for many types of data and to methods for calculating effect size confidence intervals and power analysis. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved)

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
Uncontrolled Keywords: effect size ; statistical reporting
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Educational Research
Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 51486
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 17 Nov 2011 11:53
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2013 13:59
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/51486

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