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Growth responses and delayed winter hardening in Sitka Spruce following summer exposure to ozone.

Lucas, Peter and Cottam, D. A. and Sheppard, L. J. and Francis, Brian (1988) Growth responses and delayed winter hardening in Sitka Spruce following summer exposure to ozone. New Phytologist, 108 (4). pp. 495-504. ISSN 0028-646X

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Abstract

Two-year-old seedlings of Sitka spruce [Picea sitchensis (Bong) Cart.] were exposed to < 5, 70, 120 and 170 nl l−1 O3 for 7 h day−1 in large ventilated glasshouses during the summer of 1986. Relative growth rates (RGR) were calculated at intervals throughout the summer and autumn using a non-destructive technique in which measurements of stem height and diameter were used to estimate above-ground biomass. No statistically significant effects of the ozone on growth were apparent during or after the period of fumigation, and growth of the seedlings had largely been completed by the end of August. The winter hardiness of these plants was subsequently tested on 10 November and 8 December by subjecting detached shoots to a range of carefully regulated freezing temperatures in controlled environment chambers. The results for the samples taken on the earlier date suggested that plants exposed to ozone were more sensitive to frost than the controls, and that this effect was dependent on the concentration of the pollutant. In the samples taken later, all the shoots appeared to have hardened equally to freezing temperatures in excess of about –20 °C. The results suggest that early autumn frosts might be damaging to Sitka spruce after exposure to high ozone concentrations in summer.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: New Phytologist
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sitka spruce ; Picea sitchensis ; ozone pollution ; winter hardiness ; freezing injury
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics
Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 50332
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 12 Oct 2011 12:01
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2013 15:19
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/50332

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