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Matthew effects in young readers:reading comprehension and reading experience aid vocabulary development

Cain, Kate and Oakhill, Jane (2011) Matthew effects in young readers:reading comprehension and reading experience aid vocabulary development. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 44 (5). pp. 431-443. ISSN 0022-2194

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    Abstract

    The authors report data from a longitudinal study of the reading development of children who were assessed in the years of their 8th, 11th, 14th, and 16th birthdays. They examine the evidence for Matthew effects in reading and vocabulary between ages 8 and 11 in groups of children identified with good and poor reading comprehension at 8 years. They also investigate evidence for Matthew effects in reading and vocabulary between 8 and 16 years, in the larger sample. The poor comprehenders showed reduced growth in vocabulary compared to the good comprehenders, but not in word reading or reading comprehension ability. They also obtained lower scores on measures of out-of-school literacy. Analyses of the whole sample revealed that initial levels of reading experience and reading comprehension predicted vocabulary at ages 11, 14, and 16 after controlling for general ability and vocabulary skills when aged 8. The authors discuss these findings in relation to the influence of reading on vocabulary development.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Learning Disabilities
    Additional Information: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Journal of Learning Disabilities, 44 (5), 2011, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2011 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Journal of Learning Disabilities page: http://ldx.sagepub.com/ on SAGE Journals Online: http://online.sagepub.com/
    Uncontrolled Keywords: reading comprehension ; vocabulary ; reading habits ; Matthew effects ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; PRINT EXPOSURE ; WORD MEANINGS ; CHILDREN ; CONTEXT ; GROWTH ; ACQUISITION ; KNOWLEDGE ; LITERACY ; ABILITY
    Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
    Departments: UNSPECIFIED
    ID Code: 50136
    Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
    Deposited On: 30 Sep 2011 13:26
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 23 Jul 2014 14:55
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/50136

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