Levine, Mark and Taylor, Paul and Best, Rachel (2011) Third-parties, violence and conflict resolution : the role of group size and collective action in the micro-regulation of violence. Psychological Science, 22 (3). pp. 406-412. ISSN 0956-7976Full text not available from this repository.
Although researchers know much about the causes of aggression, they know surprisingly little about how aggression leads to violence or how violence is controlled. To explore the microregulation of violence, we conducted a systematic behavioral analysis of footage from closed-circuit television surveillance of public spaces. Using 42 incidents involving 312 people, we compared aggressive incidents that ended in violence with those that did not. Behaviors of antagonists and third parties were coded as either escalating or conciliatory acts. Results showed that third parties were more likely to take conciliatory actions than to escalate violence and that this tendency increased as group size increased. This analysis revealed a pattern of third-party behaviors that prevent aggression from becoming violent and showed that conciliatory behaviors are more successful when carried out by multiple third parties than when carried out by one person. We conclude by emphasizing the importance of collective third-party dynamics in understanding conflict resolution.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Psychological Science|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||aggressive behavior ; violence ; prosocial behavior ; group size ; group dynamics|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology|
|Deposited On:||20 Sep 2011 16:34|
|Last Modified:||25 Mar 2017 02:35|
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