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Integrated catchment management and the WFD:Dealing with the complexity and uncertainty of diffuse pollution from agriculture

Watson, Nigel and Heathwaite, Louise and Maberly, S. and Norton, L and Waterton, Claire and Tsouvalis, Judith and Haygarth, Philip (2009) Integrated catchment management and the WFD:Dealing with the complexity and uncertainty of diffuse pollution from agriculture. Tearmann : the Irish journal of agri-environmental research., n/a (7). pp. 195-210. ISSN 1649-1009

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Abstract

Diffuse pollution from agriculture is one of the most significant and difficult problems that has to be addressed under the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Although understanding continues to improve, it is still a highly complex problem that is surrounded by many uncertainties. Uncertainty relates to the basic biogeochemical process of pollutant mobilisation, transport and deposition, the effectiveness and costs of mitigation measures, the accuracy of catchment models and predictions, and also the attitudes and responses of farmers and other land users to policy interventions. Further complexity and uncertainty is added because efforts to understand and control diffuse pollution must be aimed at multiple spatial and temporal scales within an integrated catchment management (ICM) framework. The paper reviews the current state of knowledge regarding diffuse pollution mitigation and ICM. It is concluded that diffuse pollution from agriculture is 'manageable' in the sense that a balance between the ecological health of receiving waters and the transfer of particulates and dissolved material can be achieved in the future. However, this will require a new and distinctive approach to science, policy and practice that is both adaptive and collaborative in style.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Tearmann : the Irish journal of agri-environmental research.
Additional Information: Conference Title Selected papers from the international conference "Grassland and the Water Framework Directive" held at Teagasc, Johnstown Castle Environment Research Centre, Wexford, Ireland, 12-14 November 2008.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 49835
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 20 Sep 2011 09:12
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 22:42
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/49835

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