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A conceptual approach for integrating phosphorus and nitrogen management at watershed scales

Heathwaite, L. and Sharpley, A. and Gburek, W. (2000) A conceptual approach for integrating phosphorus and nitrogen management at watershed scales. Journal of Environmental Quality, 29 (1). pp. 158-166. ISSN 1537-2537

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Abstract

Since the late 1960s, point-sources of water pollution have been reduced due to their ease of identification and treatment. As water quality problems remain and further point-source measures become less cost-effective, attention is directed toward reducing agricultural nonpoint-sources of P and N. In the past, separate strategies for P and N were developed and implemented at farm or watershed scales. Because of differing biology, chemistry, and flow pathways of P and N in soil, these narrowly targeted strategies may lead to mixed results. In some cases, N management of manures has increased soil P and subsequent P enrichment of surface runoff, while no-till has reduced P losses but increased nitrate leaching. Thus, an integrated approach to nutrient management is needed, with best management practices (BMPs) targeted to critical areas of a watershed that contribute most of the P and N exported. We have developed indices that identify critical sources and transport pathways controlling P and N export. These indices are applied to a mixed land use watershed in Pennsylvania. Areas most vulnerable to P loss are limited to small, well-defined areas of the watershed (<20% of area) near the stream channel. In contrast to P, larger areas contribute to nitrate leaching and generally occur on the upper boundaries of the watershed (60%), where freely draining soils and high manure and fertilizer N applications are made. Thus, differing levels of nutrient management may be appropriate for different areas of a watershed.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Environmental Quality
Additional Information: A conceptual approach for integrating phosphorus and nitrogen management at watershed scales 97 cites: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?num=100&hl=en&lr=&cites=3342830678259062098
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 49704
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 13 Sep 2011 13:55
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 22:41
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/49704

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