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Topographic and thermal mapping of volcanic terrain using the AVTIS ground based 94GHz dual-mode radar/radiometric imager

Macfarlane, D. G. and Odbert, H. M. and Robertson, Duncan and James, Michael and Pinkerton, Harry and Wadge, G. (2013) Topographic and thermal mapping of volcanic terrain using the AVTIS ground based 94GHz dual-mode radar/radiometric imager. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 51 (1). pp. 455-472.

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Abstract

The All-Weather Volcano Topography Imaging Sensor remote sensing instrument is a custom-built millimeterwave (MMW) sensor that has been developed as a practical field tool for remote sensing of volcanic terrain at active lava domes. The portable instrument combines active and passiveMMWmeasurements to record topographic and thermal data in almost all weather conditions from ground-based survey points.We describe how the instrument is deployed in the field, the quality of the primary ranging and radiometric measurements, and the postprocessing techniques used to derive the geophysical products of the target terrain, surface temperature, and reflectivity. By comparison of changing topography, we estimate the volume change and the lava extrusion rate. Validation of theMMWradiometry is also presented by quantitative comparison with coincident infrared thermal imagery.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Uncontrolled Keywords: Volcanic hazards ; topography ; mm-wave radar ; Montserrat ; thermal imaging
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 49595
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 07 Sep 2011 14:34
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2013 14:47
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/49595

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