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Supported Accommodation for People With Intellectual Disabilities and Quality of Life:An Overview

Walsh, P N W and Emerson, Eric and Lobb, Carolyne and Hatton, Chris and Bradley, V. and Schalock, R. L. and Moseley, C. (2010) Supported Accommodation for People With Intellectual Disabilities and Quality of Life:An Overview. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 7 (2). pp. 137-142. ISSN 1741-1122

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Abstract

This article presents the findings of a review of evidence related to quality of life in models of supported accommodation for adults with intellectual disabilities identified in English-speaking nation deinstitutionalization and postdeinstitutionalization studies. An international literature-based investigation of research published between 1995 and 2005 in English-language peer-reviewed academic journals was conducted to: (1) review the outcome of deinstitutionalization and postinstitutionalization studies; (2) examine instruments used to measure outcomes for individuals; and (3) compare costs and benefits associated with different models of supported accommodation. In the deinstitutionalization studies, there was consistent evidence of greater choice and self-determination, participation in social networks or relationships and community-based activities, and personal satisfaction in community-based settings. Postdeinstitutionalization studies provided consistent evidence for greater choice, self-determination, and participation in community-based activities in smaller settings, but no evidence for greater physical health or material well-being, and little evidence for a relationship between type of setting and employment. Future research is needed to meet methodological challenges identified here, to investigate the apparent failure of smaller residences to improve residents’ well-being and to study systematically factors not directly addressed in the studies under review: poverty and income, organizational culture, and geographical variation.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities
Uncontrolled Keywords: intellectual disabilities;quality of life;quality of life framework;supported accommodation
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 49138
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 09 Mar 2012 02:40
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2013 18:12
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/49138

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