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Emotional and behavioural difficulties in young children with and without developmental delay:a bi-national perspective

Emerson, Eric and Einfeld, S L (2010) Emotional and behavioural difficulties in young children with and without developmental delay:a bi-national perspective. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51 (5). pp. 583-593. ISSN 0021-9630

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Abstract

Background: Relatively high rates of emotional and behavioural difficulties have been reported among children with intellectual or developmental disabilities. Little is known about nature of the relationship between cognitive development and psychopathology in very young children. Methods: Secondary analysis of data from the first two waves of the UK’s Millennium Cohort Study (n = 11,389) and the first two waves of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n = 4,606). Results: Two- to three-year- old children with developmental delay show significantly higher rates of emotional and behavioural difficulties than their peers. These differences appear to reflect a general association between cognitive performance and emotional/behavioural difficulties in the bottom half of the ability spectrum and threshold-based discontinuities within the bottom 3% of the distribution. In the UK, but to a much lesser extent in Australia, higher rates of emotional and behavioural difficulties among children with developmental delay may be partially attributed to greater risk of exposure to adverse socio-economic circumstances. Conclusions: The results highlight the potential value of targeted preventative interventions for young children with developmental delay.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intellectual disabilities ; developmental disabilities ; socio-economic circumstances
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 49128
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 25 Jul 2011 09:57
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2014 12:49
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/49128

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