Chung, Antony and Roedig, Utz (2007) Efficient Key Establishment for Wireless Sensor Networks Using Elliptic Curve Diffie-Hellman. In: Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Smart Sensing and Context (EUROSSC2007), 2007-10-01, Kendal, UK.
We propose a broadcast method to establish symmetric keys between wireless sensor nodes and a sink, that achieves a different key for each node. We apply the Elliptic Curve Diffie-Hellman (ECDH) key exchange mechanism in two parts. The first part of the ECDH key exchange is conducted in a secure environment before network deployment to avoid the common man-in-the-middle problem of Diffie-Hellman (DH) schemes. The second part of the key exchange is initiated periodically by the sink using a broadcast message. Thus, the communication overheads in the resource constrained sensor network are reduced.
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