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Parliamentary enclosure and changes in landownership in an upland environment : Westmorland c.1770-1860.

Whyte, Ian D. (2006) Parliamentary enclosure and changes in landownership in an upland environment : Westmorland c.1770-1860. Agricultural History Review, 54 (2). pp. 240-256. ISSN 0002-1490

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Abstract

The impact of parliamentary enclosure on landownership, especially on small proprietors, has been considered mainly in the context of lowland open-field arable communities. However, it also affected extensive areas of upland common pasture in northern England. This article examines parliamentary enclosure in Westmorland where the context of enclosure and the structure of rural society were markedly different from southern England, particularly in the prevalence of customary tenures with rights effectively equivalent to freehold. A study of sales of allotments in enclosure awards, and changes in landownership between awards and subsequent Land Tax returns, shows that there was considerable continuity of occupation by smaller proprietors despite enclosure. Parliamentary enclosure in Westmorland does not appear to have caused the large scale disappearance of small owners or their transformation into landless wage labourers. Small owner-occupied farms remained a characteristic feature of this area into the later nineteenth century.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Agricultural History Review
Additional Information: RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : History
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 4183
Deposited By: ep_importer
Deposited On: 03 Mar 2008 09:16
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:07
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/4183

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