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Bengal's Millennium Flood and the Question of Appropriate Development.

Chapman, Graham and Rudra, Kalyan (2004) Bengal's Millennium Flood and the Question of Appropriate Development. In: Geomorphology and Environment. acb Publications, Kolkata, pp. 365-385. ISBN 81 87500 19 0

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Abstract

In September 2000 Birbhum, Murshidabad, and Nadia Districts of West Bengal suffered a sudden and massive flood, together with other districts of the state. The scale of damage can be judged from the fact that 20 million people lost their homes or had them severely damaged, and many of these people also lost most of their farming and domestic possessions. A �lake� 150 kms by 60 kms submerged the countryside, and then moved south and slightly eastwards, doing further damage. The basic cause was a tropical depression sitting over Jharkhand, Bihar and Bengal for several days, at the end of the monsoon season, when the ground had already reached field capacity. But the disastrous impact of this meteorological event on the population was undoubtedly amplified by the road, rail and flood-protection embankments which criss-cross the countryside. As they were randomly breached, the floods struck villages with little warning and with great rapidity. Examination of the historical records shows that the problems created by the embankments have been recognised for more than a hundred years. Suggestions are made as to how a new style of development can occur in the future.

Item Type: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords: West Bengal ; Bangladesh ; Flood ; Natural Hazard ; Disaster Preparedness ; Appropriate development
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 416
Deposited By: Prof Graham P. Chapman
Deposited On: 05 Feb 2007
Refereed?: No
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 22:05
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/416

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