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Optimal Chemotactic Responses of Leukemic T Cells to Stromal Cell-Derived Factor-1 Requires the Activation of Both Class IA and IB Phosphoinositide 3-Kinases.

Curnock, Adam P. and Sotsios, Yannis and Wright, Karen L. and Ward, Stephen G. (2003) Optimal Chemotactic Responses of Leukemic T Cells to Stromal Cell-Derived Factor-1 Requires the Activation of Both Class IA and IB Phosphoinositide 3-Kinases. Journal of Immunology, 170 (8). pp. 4021-4030. ISSN 0022-1767

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Abstract

Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXCR4 are a multifunctional chemokine/receptor system with essential roles in the development of the immune system and other aspects of embryogenesis, including vascularization and organ development. SDF-1 is also a potent chemoattractant for T cells and has roles in both inflammation and immune homeostasis. Our group has previously demonstrated that phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) is activated in SDF-1-stimulated T cells and is indeed required for SDF-1-mediated chemotaxis. In this study Jurkat clones were established, stably expressing dominant negative constructs of class IA and class IB PI 3-kinases under the control of the tetracycline off inducible gene system, to determine the relative roles of these PI 3-kinases in SDF-1 signaling. Our results show that expression of either kinase-dead PI3Kγ (KD-PI3Kγ) or Δp85 (a construct unable to bind class IA p110α, -, or -δ) leads to a partial inhibition of SDF-1-stimulated protein kinase B phosphorylation, but had no effect on SDF-1-induced phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK1/2. Functional studies demonstrated that expression of KD-PI3Kγ markedly inhibited SDF-1-mediated chemotaxis, typically eliciting 40–60% inhibition. Interestingly, the expression of Δp85 also leads to inhibition of the SDF-1-mediated chemotactic response, albeit to a much lesser extent than achieved with the KD-PI3Kγ mutant, typically in the range of 20–40% inhibition. Furthermore, the inhibition of chemotaxis by the expression of dominant negative class IA or class IB PI 3-kinases could be enhanced by the presence of the PI 3-kinase inhibitor LY294002. Together, these results demonstrate that optimal chemotactic response of leukemic T cells to SDF-1 requires the activation of both class IA and class IB PI 3-kinases.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Immunology
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Biomedical & Life Sciences
ID Code: 40893
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 16 Jun 2011 10:31
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:06
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/40893

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