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Dynamics and Constraints in Insight Problem Solving.

Ormerod, T. C. and Chronicle, E. P. and MacGregor, J. N. (2002) Dynamics and Constraints in Insight Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 28 (4). pp. 791-799. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

This article reports 2 experiments that investigated performance on a novel insight problem, the 8-coin problem. The authors hypothesized that participants would make certain initial moves (strategic moves) that seemed to make progress according to the problem instructions but that nonetheless would guarantee failure to solve the problem. Experiment 1 manipulated the starting state of the problem and showed that overall solution rates were lower when such strategic moves were available. Experiment 2 showed that failure to capitalize on visual hints about the correct first move was also associated with the availability of strategic moves. The results are interpreted in terms of an information-processing framework previously applied to the 9-dot problem. The authors argue that in addition to the operation of inappropriate constraints, a full account of insight problem solving must incorporate a dynamic that steers solution-seeking activity toward the constraints.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition
Additional Information: Ormerod was lead author, designed and executed both experiments and wrote first draft of manuscript. Final draft and data analysis shared with second author. Research was presented by Ormerod as invited speaker at NSF workshop on Expertise and Innovation, Arlington, VA, USA in 2006. RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 3613
Deposited By: ep_importer
Deposited On: 07 Mar 2008 16:22
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2013 08:22
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/3613

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