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Distinctiveness, typicality, and recollective experience in face recognition: A principal components analysis.

Dewhurst, Stephen A. and Hay, Dennis C. and Wickham, Lee H. V. (2005) Distinctiveness, typicality, and recollective experience in face recognition: A principal components analysis. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 12 (6). pp. 1032-1037. ISSN 1069-9384

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Abstract

In this study, participants rated previously unseen faces on six dimensions: familiarity, distinctiveness, attractiveness, memorability, typicality, and resemblance to a familiar person. The faces were then presented again in a recognition test in which participants assigned their positive recognition decisions to either remember (R), know (K), or guess categories. On all dimensions except typicality, faces that were categorized as R responses were associated with significantly higher ratings than were faces categorized as K responses. Study ratings for R and K responses were then subjected to a principal components analysis. The factor loadings suggested that R responses were influenced primarily by the distinctiveness of faces, but K responses were influenced by moderate ratings on all six dimensions. These findings indicate that the structural features of a face influence the subjective experience of recognition.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review
Additional Information: Hay supervised the data collection, conducted data analysis, and co-wrote the manuscript. RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 3583
Deposited By: ep_importer
Deposited On: 07 Mar 2008 12:54
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2014 11:34
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/3583

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