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Individual differences in the inference of word meanings from context: the influence of reading comprehension, vocabulary knowledge, and memory capacity.

Cain, K. and Lemmon, K. and Oakhill, J. (2004) Individual differences in the inference of word meanings from context: the influence of reading comprehension, vocabulary knowledge, and memory capacity. Journal of Educational Psychology, 96 (4). pp. 671-681. ISSN 0022-0663

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Abstract

Two studies investigated the ability to use contextual information in stories to infer the meanings of novel vocabulary by 9-10-year-olds with good and poor reading comprehension. Across studies, children with poor reading comprehension were impaired when the processing demands of the task were greatest. In Study 2, working memory capacity was related to performance, but short-term memory span and memory for the literal content of the text were not. Children with poor reading comprehension were not impaired in learning novel vocabulary taught through direct instruction, but children with both weak reading comprehension and vocabulary were. Implications for the relation between vocabulary development and text comprehension are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Educational Psychology
Additional Information: Cain was lead author and wrote the manuscript. She co-designed experiment 1 with Oakhill, constructed stimuli, collected and analysed data. Cain designed the main experiment (2), constructed stimuli, and analysed data. Cain was PI on the New Lecturer Fund (Nottingham University) that funded experiment 2. She presented these data at the 11th annual meeting of SSSR (2004). RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 3560
Deposited By: ep_importer
Deposited On: 10 Mar 2008 16:30
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 22:02
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/3560

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