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Inspection times and the selection task : What do eye-movements reveal about relevance effects?

Ball, L. J. and Gale, A. G. and Lucas, E. J. and Miles, J. N. V. (2003) Inspection times and the selection task : What do eye-movements reveal about relevance effects? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Series a Human Experimental Psychology, 56 (6). pp. 1052-1077. ISSN 0272-4987

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Abstract

Three experiments are reported that used eye-movement tracking to investigate the inspection-time effect predicted by Evans' (1996) heuristic-analytic account of the Wason selection task. Evans' account proposes that card selections are based on the operation of relevance-determining heuristics, whilst analytic processing only rationalizes selections. As such, longer inspection times should be associated with selected cards (which are subjected to rationalization) than with rejected cards. Evidence for this effect has been provided by Evans (1996) using computer-presented selection tasks and instructions for participants to indicate (with a mouse pointer) cards under consideration. Roberts (1998b) has argued that mouse pointing gives rise to artefactual support for Evans&apos predictions because of biases associated with the task format and the use of mouse pointing. We eradicated all sources of artefact by combining careful task constructions with eye-movement tracking to measure directly on-line attentional processing. All three experiments produced good evidence for the robustness of the inspection-time effect, supporting the predictions of the heuristic-analytic account.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Series a Human Experimental Psychology
Additional Information: Ball was first and lead author, designed experiments, wrote manuscript. Ball was second co-author's PhD supervisor. RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
Faculty of Science and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics
ID Code: 3553
Deposited By: ep_importer
Deposited On: 13 Mar 2008 11:38
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 17:52
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/3553

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