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Intermediary metabolism in protists : a sequence-based view of facultative anaerobic metabolism in evolutionarily diverse eukaryotes.

Ginger, Michael L. and Fritz-Laylin, Lillian K. and Fulton, Chandler F. and Cande, W. Zacheus and Dawson, Scott C. (2010) Intermediary metabolism in protists : a sequence-based view of facultative anaerobic metabolism in evolutionarily diverse eukaryotes. Protist, 161 (5). pp. 642-671. ISSN 1434-4610

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Abstract

Protists account for the bulk of eukaryotic diversity. Through studies of gene and especially genome sequences the molecular basis for this diversity can be determined. Evident from genome sequencing are examples of versatile metabolism that go far beyond the canonical pathways described for eukaryotes in textbooks. In the last 2-3 years, genome sequencing and transcript profiling has unveiled several examples of heterotrophic and phototrophic protists that are unexpectedly well-equipped for ATP production using a facultative anaerobic metabolism, including some protists that can (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii) or are predicted (Naegleria gruberi, Acanthamoeba castellanii, Amoebidium parasiticum) to produce H(2) in their metabolism. It is possible that some enzymes of anaerobic metabolism were acquired and distributed among eukaryotes by lateral transfer, but it is also likely that the common ancestor of eukaryotes already had far more metabolic versatility than was widely thought a few years ago. The discussion of core energy metabolism in unicellular eukaryotes is the subject of this review. Since genomic sequencing has so far only touched the surface of protist diversity, it is anticipated that sequences of additional protists may reveal an even wider range of metabolic capabilities, while simultaneously enriching our understanding of the early evolution of eukaryotes.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Protist
Uncontrolled Keywords: amoebae ; anaerobic metabolism ; ecology ; eukaryotic evolution ; lateral gene transfer ; mitochondria.
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Biomedical & Life Sciences
ID Code: 34903
Deposited By: Dr Michael Ginger
Deposited On: 14 Dec 2010 15:22
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 17:43
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/34903

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