D'Mellow, Bob and Thomas, David J. and Joyce, Malcolm J. and Kolkowski, Peter and Roberts, Neil J. and Monk, Stephen D. (2007) The replacement of cadmium as a thermal neutron filter. Nuclear Instruments and Methods A, 577 (3). pp. 690-695. ISSN 0168-9002Full text not available from this repository.
Cadmium is widely used where it is desirable to eliminate the thermal component of a neutron spectrum. However, with the restrictions on the use of cadmium in the European Union due to the recent European Union Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS), the inclusion of cadmium in instrumentation is becoming untenable. The work presented here examines a number of candidate materials in order to find a suitable replacement for cadmium. It is shown through the examination of cross-section data, MCNP modelling and experimental evaluation that flex-boron is suitable in some applications while gadolinium has absorption properties which are broadly similar to cadmium. However, it is clear that none of the candidates can quite equal to the performance of cadmium. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Nuclear Instruments and Methods A|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||thermal neutrons ; shielding material ; cadmium ; gadolinium ; RoHS directive|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Engineering|
Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Computing & Communications
|Deposited By:||Dr Stephen Monk|
|Deposited On:||09 Dec 2010 10:26|
|Last Modified:||26 Jul 2012 17:41|
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