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Structure determination for octasaccharides derived from the carbohydrate-protein linkage region of chondroitin sulphate chains in the proteoglycan aggrecan from bovine articular cartilage.

Huckerby, T. N. and Lauder, R. M. and Nieduszynski, I. A. (1998) Structure determination for octasaccharides derived from the carbohydrate-protein linkage region of chondroitin sulphate chains in the proteoglycan aggrecan from bovine articular cartilage. European Journal of Biochemistry, 258 (2). pp. 669-676.

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Abstract

Five octasaccharides derived from the protein carbohydrate linkage region of chondroitin sulphate (CS) have been isolated from the large aggregating proteoglycan (aggrecan) extracted from the bovine articular cartilage of 6-year-old to 8-year-old animals. Following the purification of aggrecan the attached CS chains were digested with CS ABC endolyase and subsequently released from the protein core by beta-elimination. The individual oligosaccharides were purified by strong anion-exchange chromatography and their structures determined by very high-field one-dimensional and two-dimensional 1H-NMR spectroscopy. They were found to be octasaccharides, comprised of tetrasaccharide repeat-region extensions to the core tetrasaccharide linkage region structure. They have the following structures: deltaUA(beta1-3)GalNAc(beta1-4)GlcA(beta1-3)GalNAc(beta1-4)+ ++GlcA(beta1-3)Gal(beta1-3)Gal(beta1-4)Xyl-ol, deltaUA(beta1-3)GalNAc(beta1-4)GlcA(beta1-3)GalNAc6S(b eta1-4)GlcA(beta1-3)Gal(beta1-3)Gal(beta1-4)Xyl-ol, deltaUA(beta1-3)GalNAc6S(beta1-4)GlcA(beta1-3)GalNAc(b eta1-4)GlcA(beta1-3)Gal(beta1-3)Gal(beta1-4)Xyl-ol, deltaUA(beta1-3)GalNAc6S(beta1-4)GlcA(beta1-3)GalNA c6S(beta1-4)GlcA(beta1-3)Gal(beta1-3)Gal(beta1-4)Xyl-ol and deltaUA(beta1-3)GalNAc4S(beta1-4)GlcA(beta1-3)GalNA c6S(beta1-4)GlcA(beta1-3)Gal(beta1-3)Gal(beta1-4)Xyl-ol. They differ only in the nature of the sulphation of the GalNAc residues of the tetrasaccharide-repeat-region extension, which forms the first two disaccharides of the repeat region. No sulphation of any of the uronic acid residues has been identified and in one oligosaccharide neither of the GalNAc residues were sulphated. The majority of the linkage regions contained GalNAc residues which were fully 6-sulphated. However, in a significant amount, only one of the residues was 6-sulphated while the other was either unsulphated or 4-sulphated. There was no evidence either for sulphation of the linkage region galactose residues or for phosphorylation of the xylose residue, through which the chain is attached to the core protein.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Biochemistry
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
Faculty of Health and Medicine > Biomedical & Life Sciences
ID Code: 34809
Deposited By: Dr Bob Lauder
Deposited On: 09 Dec 2010 09:02
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 17:41
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/34809

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